The impact of regional bank troubles on Black people will likely be multifaceted, since this is a group with a higher proportion of underbanked and unbanked individuals. Some potential consequences include:
- Reduced access to banking services: If regional banks close or consolidate, it may lead to a reduction in the number of bank branches in communities with a high proportion of Black residents. This could make it more difficult for people in these communities to access banking services, leading to a higher reliance on alternative financial services, such as check-cashing outlets and payday lenders, which often have higher fees.
- Credit availability: As regional banks face financial troubles, they may become more risk-averse, tightening their lending standards. This could make it harder for Black individuals and businesses to obtain credit, potentially exacerbating the existing racial wealth gap.
- Impact on local businesses: Many small and local businesses, including those owned by Black entrepreneurs, may rely on regional banks for financing and other services. The financial troubles faced by these banks could lead to a reduction in loans and financial support for these businesses, further impacting the local economy and employment opportunities.
- Loss of jobs: Regional banks employ a significant number of people, and the financial troubles faced by these institutions may lead to job losses. This could disproportionately affect Black workers, who are already more likely to face higher unemployment rates.
- Economic ripple effects: The banking sector is interconnected, and the troubles faced by regional banks may have broader economic implications, including reduced consumer confidence and spending, which can affect Black communities.
- Impact on 401(k)s and investment portfolios: Many people, including Black individuals, have retirement savings and investment portfolios that are exposed to the stock market, including stocks of regional banks. Shares of PacWest Bancorp (PACW.O) declined Thursday. Zion Bancorp (ZION.O) fell by 12% and Comerica (CMA.N) was down 11%. KeyCorp (KEY.N) and Valley National Bancorp (VLY.O) fell by 7% and 4%, respectively. The decline in stock prices of these banks can negatively affect the value of these investments, leading to potential losses or reduced returns. This could be particularly concerning for those nearing retirement or already retired, as they may have less time to recover from market downturns. Moreover, it can also hamper the ability of younger investors to build wealth over time. For Black people who may already be facing a racial wealth gap and lower retirement savings, the decline in stock prices of regional banks could exacerbate these disparities, making it even more challenging to achieve financial stability and security. Efforts to minimize the impact of such declines and promote greater financial education and access to affordable investment opportunities can help mitigate these potential negative effects on the financial well-being of Black individuals and communities.
It is crucial for policymakers and financial institutions to address the challenges faced by regional banks to minimize the potential negative consequences on Black individuals and communities.